Louis Muller (1843 – 1877) [Jakob Ludwig]

Louis Muller immigrated from Schwetzingen, Germany to London, England during the mid 1800’s. Evidence of his passage (passenger lists etc.) remains elusive but there is plenty of evidence supporting the families’ origins in census and marriage data. This includes research commissioned on Louis Muller and his family by Panoz Anagnostopoulos (a distant in-law) conducted in Germany.

Louis Muller’s Birth

Louis Muller, my great-great grandfather was born on 30 Jan 1843 in Schwetzingen, Germany1,10,9,7. Schwetzingen lies in the Baden-Wurttemburg region, nine miles south east of Heidelberg.  It is an ancient town, first documented in 766 but with archaelogical evidence of human settlement as far back as Neolithic times. View Larger Map

A few years before Louis Muller was born the town was declared a city (1833) encourging economic growth. By 1850, agricultural industrialization had taken hold and the city was producing hops, tobacco and asparagus. Schwetzingen quickly became world renowned for its aspargus. This industrial boom continued to build through the 1800’s with the arrival of the railways in 1870.

Louis Muller Marriage and Life in London

By this time Louis was already living in London. In fact, the first conclusive evidence we have of Louis is his marriage to Maragretha Gaspers in 1870. He was 27 when he married Margaretha, daughter of Joseph Gaspers and Gertude Fischer, on 03 Mar 1870 in St Joseph’s Chapel, Lamb’s Passage, Holborn, Middlesex, England12,9,1.

The marriage certificate confirms a number of things including Louis Muller’s birth place and father’s name. We learn that Louis is employed as a waiter in 1870’s London9 and that he is living at 20 King Square, Goswell Street, London, Middlesex9. Prior to this there are some tax documents mentioning a J L Muller in the Cripplegate area of London (1861-64) but these aren’t conclusive.

 

24 Hanover Street, londonBy 1871 the Muller’s had moved to 24 Hanover Street, Islington, London, England1. The 1871 UK Census tells us Louis was now employed as a Hotel Keeper in 1873 in Finsbury Square, Holborn, London17. Interestingly, according to the census, at the same address but in a neighboring dwelling is the family of Erich and Bertha Soummer. This couple had previously been documented as witnesses to the Muller’s wedding. The occupation is also confirmed by the 1873 London and Suburban Licensed Victuallers’, Hotel and Tavern Keepers’ Directory where on page 62 and 136 we see the following entry:

‘Starr’s Hotel. Muller Louis and Schmidt Gustave, Finsbury Square, St Lukes, EC’

On 28 Jun 1874 Maragretha gave birth at home to Louis Muller20,21,22,23,24,27 at 14 Finsbury Square, Holborn, Middlesex, UK20,21,22,23,24,27.

Illness and Death

By 1877 it seems the Mullers had fallen on hard times. The family had moved to 25 Nelson Street, London but long hours working the hotel and rumoured mounting debts seems to have hit Louis with a stroke or similar ailment. Detailed evidence of his decline is doumented in the case books of two asylums he was admitted to: Brookwood and Hanwell.

Louis was admitted to Brookwood Asylum, Woking, Surrey, UK on 20 Apr 1877. He stayed here until he was transferred to Hanwell, Norwood, UK on the 15 Aug 187719. Among his symptoms were delusions, confusion and slurred speech, all symptoms that might be associated today with a blood clot or stroke. He died on 24 Sep 1877 in Hanwell Assylum at the age of 354,7.

At this point Margaretha Gasper disappears from view. She is mentioned in the asylum papers but so far I have not found any more references to her. What we do know is that by 1881 Louis and Margaretha’s son (and my great grandfather) Louis Muller is living in an Orphanage on Dalton Street, Hackney.

 

Sources:

1 Ancestry.com, 1871 England Census (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Ancestry.com, Class: RG10; Piece: 279; Folio: 42; Page: 7; GSU roll: 824920.
2 UK, Brookwood; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers, 1846-1912, The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers; Class: MH 94; Piece: 24. Record of time at Brookwood.
3 Ancestry.com, London, England, Land Tax Records, 1692-1932 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com.
4 UK, Hanwell; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers, 1846-1912, The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers; Class: MH 94; Piece: 24. Record of time at Hanwell.
5 Ancestry.com, London, England, Land Tax Records, 1692-1932 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com.
6 Ancestry.com, London, England, Land Tax Records, 1692-1932 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com.
7 FreeBMD, England & Wales, FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006), Ancestry.com.
8 UK National Registry Office, UK Birth Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1874 (London, UK, UK National Registry Office, 22 Jan 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
9 General Registration Office, UK Marriage Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1870 (London, General Registration Office, 14 Feb 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
10 1843 Births Germany MULLER (Jacob) Louis, Page copied from original book, held as image.
11 General Registration Office, UK Marriage Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1870 (London, General Registration Office, 14 Feb 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
12 FreeBMD, England & Wales, FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006), Ancestry.com.
13 UK Baptism; MULLER Louis; 1874, Certficate of Baptism.
14 UK National Registry Office, UK Birth Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1874 (London, UK, UK National Registry Office, 22 Jan 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
15 General Registration Office, UK Marriage Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1870 (London, General Registration Office, 14 Feb 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
16 Ancestry.com, London, England, Land Tax Records, 1692-1932 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com.
17 1873 – Licensed Victuallers Book MULLER Louis 1873, The London and suburban licensed victuallers’, hotel and tavern keepers’ directory, compiled under the superintendence of H.D. Miles; page 62 & 136. Starr’s Hotel. Muller Louis and Schmidt Gustave, Finsbury Square, St Lukes, EC. https://books.google.com/books?id=cPANAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA62&img=1&zoom=3&hl=en&sig=ACfU3U37wL9c2YSmsSHQqM_ehvvkOV8VCw&ci=124%2C575%2C391%2C39&edge=0.
18 Ancestry.com, UK, Lunacy Patients Admission Registers, 1846-1912 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014), Ancestry.com, The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers; Class: MH 94; Piece: 24.
19 Ancestry.com, UK, Lunacy Patients Admission Registers, 1846-1912 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014), Ancestry.com, The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Lunacy Patients Admission Registers; Class: MH 94; Piece: 24.
20 UK National Registry Office, UK Birth Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1874 (London, UK, UK National Registry Office, 22 Jan 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives, Class: RG11; Piece: 297; Folio: 23; Page: 39; GSU roll: 1341064.
21 Ancestry.com, 1901 England Census (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005), Ancestry.com, Class: RG13; Piece: 1092; Folio: 72; Page: 27.
22 Ancestry.com, 1911 England Census (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com, Class: RG14; Piece: 6173; Schedule Number: 67.
23 FreeBMD, England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006), Ancestry.com.
24 Ancestry.com, England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007), Ancestry.com.
25 Ancestry.com, England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014), Ancestry.com.
26 UK National Registry Office, UK Birth Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1874 (London, UK, UK National Registry Office, 22 Jan 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
27 UK National Registry Office, UK Birth Certificate; MULLER Louis; 1874 (London, UK, UK National Registry Office, 22 Jan 1985), Stewart-Ricketts Digital Archives.
28 Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1881 England Census (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004), Ancestry.com, Class: RG11; Piece: 1161; Folio: 5; Page: 3; GSU roll: 1341284.
29 Ancestry.com, England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007), Ancestry.com.
30 Ancestry.com, England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014), Ancestry.com.
31 Ancestry.com, 1911 England Census (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011), Ancestry.com, Class: RG14; Piece: 6173; Schedule Number: 67.